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List of skin diseases and disorders

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There are hundreds of skin diseases (dermatoses) afflicting humans. The integumentary system may be afflicted by many dermatoses as well as nonpathologic states.
Though some require a visit to a dermatologist, many of them resolve by themselves. In many nonpathologic states of integumentary system, underlying etiologies and pathogenetics are often not known. Morphological symptoms can occur as macules, papules or vesicles. Coloration may range from red, blue, brown, black, white or yellow. As dermatoses have different causes, their classification is usually based on location, morphology, etiology and coloration. The most important dermatoses and nonpathologic states are listed below.

List of skin diseases due to nutritional deficiency

Dermal haemorrhages, corkscrew like hair, reddish bruise-like spots (scurvy - vitamin C deficiency)
Depigmentation of hair, dry and scaly epidermis (vitamin A deficiency)
Dry scaly and cracked dermis due to pellagra (vitamin B3 deficiency)
Sores and cracks on the corner of mouth and lips (vitamin B2 deficiency)
Hyperpigmentation, scaly, greasy or dry rash (vitamin B6 deficiency)
Acral dermatitis (zinc, biotin, protein, or essential fatty acid deficiency )

List of dermal fungal infections

Pityriasis versicolor
Intertrigo
Thrush (Candida albicans)
Ringworm of the groin (Tinea cruris)
Athlete's foot
Ringworm on the body (Tinea corporis)
Ringworm of the scalp (Tinea capitis)

Viral diseases of skin

Smallpox (Variola)
Chickenpox (Varicella)
Measles (Rubeola)
Rubella (German measles)
erythema infectiosum
roseola
Warts
Type 1 Herpes simplex virus (Cold sores)
Type 2 Herpes simplex virus (Genital herpes)
Shingles (Herpes Zoster)

List of bacterial infections of skin

Cellulitis infections
Impetigo
Erysipelas
Folliculitis
Methicillin (meticillin) resistant Staph. aureus
Tropical pyomyositis
Erythrasma
Cutaneous Anthrax
Skin Abscesses
Impetigo
Carbuncle
Furuncle
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome

List of skin diseases of systemic infections

Smallpox
Chicken pox
Measles
Leprosy

List of nail infections

Tinea unguium (Onychomycosis)
Brittle Splitting Nails (Onychoschizia)
Nail Bed Injuries
Psoriatic Nails
Ingrown Toenail
Bacterial Nail Infection (Paronychia)

List of diseases of hair

Dandruff
Folliculitis
Hirsutism
Ingrown Hair
Poliosis

List of congenital skin diseases

Acrodermatitis enteropathica
Albinism
Congenital atopic eczema
Congenital hemangioma
Nevus flammeus
Congenital ichthyosis
Congenital psoriasis
Epidermolysis bullosa
Harlequin icthyosis
Hereditary hyperbilirubinemia
Keratosis follicularis
Mongolian spot
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum
Urticaria pigmentosa
Verrucous vascular malformation
Discoloration dermatitis

List of skin diseases due to hormonal effects

Hyperpigmentation (Addison's disease)
Acne, pimples, blackheads
Dry itchy skin in menopause
Alopecia and male baldness
Dermatitis due to hypersensitivity
Contact dermatitis
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)
Rashes and inflammation
Angioedema (Swelling)
Acute urticaria
Rhinophyma

Dermatoses and nonpathologic states may affect one or more parts of the integumentary system such as epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous tissue, hair, nails, eccrine glands, apocrine glands, arrector pili muscles and nerve cells and vascular networks. Timely treatment is the best solution in most of the cases.
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